Malformed Frogs

Malformed Frogs



Reeves, M., K. Medley, A. Pinkney, M. Holyoak, P. Johnson, and M. Lannoo. Localized hotspots drive continental geography of abnormal amphibians on U.S. Wildlife Refuges. PLoS One 8:e77467.


Lannoo, M.J. Amphibian Malformations. Chapter 5. In Amphibian Biology, Volume 8: Decline: Diseases, Parasites, Maladies, Pollution. Pp. 3089–3111. Surrey Beatty and Sons, Chipping Norton, Australia.


Lannoo, M.J. Malformed Frogs. University of California Press, Berkeley, California. 270 ms.


Lannoo, M.J., D.R. Sutherland, P. Jones, D. Rosenberry, R.W. Klaver, D.M. Hoppe, P.T.J. Johnson, K.B. Lunde, C. Facemire and J.M. Kapfer. Multiple ez, causes for the malformed frog problem. Pp. 233–262. In: Linder, G., E. Little, S. Krest and D. Sparling (Eds.), Multiple Stressor Effects in Relation to Declining Amphibian Populations. American Society for Testing Materials, Conshoshocken, PA.


Burkhart, J.G., G. Ankley, H. Bell, H. Carpenter, D. Fort, D. Gardiner, H. Gardner, R. Hale, J.C. Helgen, P. Jepson, D. Johnson, M. Lannoo, D. Lee, J. Lary, R. Levey, J. Magner, C. Meteyer, M.D. Shelby, and G. Lucier. Strategies for assessing the implications of malformed frogs for environmental health. Environmental Health Perspectives 108:83–90.

Lannoo, M.J. Conclusions drawn from the malformity and disease session, Midwest Declining Amphibian Conference, 1998. Pp. 212–216. In: Kaiser, H., G.S. Casper, and N. Bernstein (Eds.), Investigating Amphibian Declines: Proceedings of the 1998 Midwest Declining Amphibians Conference. Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science, Des Moines, IA.